Cadastral Categories in Italy

The Italian Cadastral System

The Italian cadastre is an inventory of the real property present throughout the national territory, implemented through the establishment of two distinct sub-systems: the first called Catasto Terreni (Land Cadastre) –comprising the list of all rural properties and unbuilt land plots, the second called Catasto Edilizio Urbano (Urban Building Cadastre) –including buildings for civil, industrial and commercial use.

Land Cadastre archive

The Land Cadastre archive registers technical-physical, juridical and economic data, linked to each cadastral parcel, including:

cadastral identification (name of the Municipality, Section code, map sheet number, parcel number);
place (address or name of the location area);
type of crop (codified information that refers to a general national classification system);
class of productivity (codified information expressing different potential degrees of soil production levels);
consistency (expressed in hectares, ares and centiares of surface area);
cadastral incomes (subdivided into landlord income and agrarian income);
cadastral holder (tax code number and personal data of natural persons, or corporate name of legal persons, holding title to the land parcel, supplemented with information on the type of right held and on the share of interestin it).

Additionally, each parcel is provided with identification data of the deeds that determined a change in the status of the holders (for example, transfer of title), or in the technical-physical state of the property. By tracking these changes, datarelative to cadastral parcels are time-linked for subsequent phases. This makes it possible to browse them also referring to a previous time period.

Urban Building Cadastre archive

Analogously, the Urban Building Cadastre archive registers technical-physical, juridical and economic data, linked to each real estate urban unit, including:

cadastral identification (name of the Municipality, Section code, map sheet number, parcel number, sub-parcel number);
address;
typology (coded information, linked to the permitted use of the real estate urban unit, which refers to a general classification currently listing different typologies organized into 5 groups identified as letter A – residential useand offices, B – public use, C – commercialuse and outbuildings, D – industrial and special commercial uses and E – uses of community interest. Particular real estate units that do not have the capacity of producing income – unbuilt urban areas, real estate urban units under construction, etc. – are registered under categories of group F, bearing no indication of cadastral income);
class of productivity (this is expressed only for the realestate urban units registered under a typology of groups A, B and C and is coded information outlining different levels of possible income);
consistency (this is expressed differently according to the typology under which the real estate urban unit is listed. For units listed under group A, it is expressed in number of main rooms. For other units it is expressed in m2 (sqm) of net area);
cadastral income (defined as the ordinary before-tax income that can be potentially produced from the real estate urban unit, after having detracted ordinary maintenance expenses and eventual losses).

The indication of the holders, of the type of right held and the share of interest in it, as well as the registration of changes in rights and in the state of real estate urban units, occur according to the very same procedures described above in relation to cadastral parcels registered in the Land Cadastre.

Cadastral Categories in Italy

Cadastral categories for identification of all types of properties in Italy

REAL ESTATE UNITS FOR ORDINARY USE

GROUP A
A/1 – Luxury dwelling-houses
A/2 – Well-finished dwelling-houses
A/3 – Economic dwelling-houses
A/4 – Cheap dwelling-houses
A/5 – Ultra-cheap dwelling-houses
A/6 – Rural dwelling-houses
A/7 – Detached houses
A/8 – Villas
A/9 – Castles, palaces of great artistic and historical value
A/10 – Private offices and practices
A/11 – Traditional local dwelling-houses and accommodations

GROUP B
B/1 – Schools and boarding schools; girls’ boarding schools, shelters, orphanages, hospices, convents, seminaries and barracks
B/2 – Nursing homes and hospitals (when, due to their characteristics, they are comparable with the reference units)
B/3 – Prisons and reformatories
B/4 – Public offices
B/5 – Schools, scientific laboratories
B/6 – Libraries, picture galleries, museums, art galleries, academies, not located in buildings included in group A/9
B/7 – Chapels and oratories not used as public places of cult
B/8 – Underground food storage

GROUP C
C/1 – Shops and workshops
C/2 – Warehouses and storage facilities
C/3 – Crafts and trades workshops
C/4 – Sports facilities
C/5 – Beach facilities and spas
C/6 – Stables, sheds, storehouses and garages
C/7 – Closed and open canopies

REAL ESTATE UNITS FOR SPECIAL USE

GROUP D
D/1 – Factories
D/2 – Hotels and pensions
D/3 – Theatres, cinema theatres, concert and performance halls
D/4 – Nursing homes and hospitals (when, due to their characteristics, they are not comparable with the reference units)
D/5 – Credit, exchange and insurance institutions (when, due to their characteristics, they are not comparable with the reference)
D/6 – Sports facilities (when, due to their characteristics, they are not comparable with the reference units)
D/7 – Buildings constructed for or adjusted to meet special industrial needs and not liable to be destined for a different use without radical transformations
D/8 – Buildings constructed for or adjusted to meet special commercial needs and not liable to be destined for a different use without radical transformations
D/9 – Floating or pile buildings, tethered to fixed points on the ground; private toll bridges
D/10 – Buildings for productive functions connected to agricultural activities

REAL ESTATE UNITS FOR SPECIFIC USE

GROUP E
E/1 – Land, sea and air transport service stations
E/2 – Municipal and provincial toll bridges
E/3 – Constructions and buildings for special public use
E/4 – Fenced enclosures for special public use
E/5 – Buildings enclosed within fortifications and outhouses
E/6 – Lighthouses, traffic lights, municipal clock towers
E/7 – Buildings used as public places of cult
E/8 – Buildings and constructions in cemeteries, excluding burial niches, tombs and family graves
E/9 – Special-use buildings not included in the foregoing Group E

FICTITIOUS TYPOLOGIES

GROUP F
F/1 – Unbuilt urban areas
F/2 – Units in a state of collapse
F/3 – Units under construction
F/4 – Units transitorily without a well-defined use
F/5 – Paved roof
F/6 – Buildings still to be declared for cadastral registration

 

Source: Agenzia delle Entrate

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